There are millions and millions of people who need to undergo an eye check up. Some of them don’t even know that their eyesight is starting to deteriorate. If you are having some difficulties in seeing from afar (or even in near), you need to see an eye doctor. But with so many practitioners out there, how would you exactly know where to go to? And how can you tell them apart? If you’ve already experienced an encompassing and extensive eye check up or eye care practice, you have probably met a lot of eye care specialists already. They could be an opticians, optometrists, or ophthalmologists. The question remains, what exactly do they do? What is their difference among the others?
Opticians – they are the ones who are helping out the optometrists and the ophthalmologists. They assist these doctors in caring of a patient’s vision. You can also refer from this post at http://www.ehow.com/info_7942958_optometrist-vs-ophthalmologist-salary.html. They also aid in conducting eye exams for patients. Basically, they have studied a 2 year technical course and got their degree afterwards. They assist the patients on their request for prescriptions. They also help determine the best lenses for a person who needs to adjust their contacts or repair their frames. Although they work in the same field as the optometrist and the ophthalmologist, they are not considered doctors.
Optometrists – they offer the same services for eye care as an ophthalmologist would. But optometrists do not have any medical degree as well. Although they are not doctors, they have also undergone a four year degree course in college. They are trained to check the eyes. They are also trained to diagnose conditions and eye disorders such as cataracts and glaucoma. They also prescribe medication for other eye problems and they can prescribe contact lenses as well. To make it short, optometrists are the practitioners who are going to check your eyes and see if there are any conditions such as far sightedness or near sightedness. For the complicated issues that require surgery, you need to be referred to the ophthalmologists.
Ophthalmologists – the ophthalmologists are the practitioners or the medical doctors who have undergone medical school. They are trained to take care of their patients’ eyes. Eye care includes conducting surgeries, prescribing corrective lenses, giving eye exams and also, they diagnose any condition or disease related to the eyes. An ophthalmologist should complete a 4 year pre medical course. After which, another 4 years in medical school, a year for internship and 3 years of special training in surgical eye care. They are the only practitioner who can perform surgeries in the eyes. You can recognize them by seeing an MD on their name or a DO.
Every professional plays a good role in assuring you that your vision is going to be taken care of. Visit an eye doctor at least once a year. You also need to make sure that you have updated your benefits and that you have scheduled a proper time with the office. Make an appointment. Going to the office directly probably won’t do you any good as these practitioners are always busy.
There was this guy who called his optometrist because he was having a big problem with his vision. In fact, it was such a huge problem; he immediately wanted to see his optometrist right then and there. You see, according to the guy, he was losing his eyesight. But when he called his optometrist, his optometrist was unavailable. He can only set an appointment up 2 weeks from now. Of course, the patient was practically frantic about it. He really believes that he is about to lose his eyesight.
He called his sister and told her about his situation. His sister told her to calm down and perhaps seek another practitioner’s help. But the guy was pretty insistent to stick to his optometrist. If you are going to read the post at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/news/eye-health/, you’ll see further discussions. After all, he was the same guy who have been adjusting and repairing his eye glasses and contact lenses for years! But his sister insisted to see another practitioner anyways. So the guy did what his sister advised him. The problem was, he doesn’t know any optometrist in their small town. So he drove all the way to his sister’s place so that he can meet his sister’s ophthalmologist.
He went to see the doctor with his sister and many tests were conducted. Since the guy’s optometrist was out of town, he has to see his sister’s own doctor to give him some new specs or probably some peace of mind on his situation. He was still a little panicked because his eye sight on his left eye was still inconclusive.
When he had his eye checked out, it was declared that he had floaters. This was not a big deal for him. He had floaters as far as he can remember and it didn’t really bother him at all. Besides, floaters are something that he shouldn’t be worried about, as told by his optometrist. But the guy was still frantic and said that every time he drives, his left eye spots one thing and the other. He believes something is truly wrong. Because of this explanation, the ophthalmologist gave advised him to get an MRI. The MRI was scary for the patient. He was freaking out because he was feeling that there could be something not right in his eye.
After the MRI results were out, they found out that there was a tumor pressing on his optic nerve. The patient was very grateful to his sister and to his sister’s ophthalmologist for being quick on their feet about the case.
Most of the time, we take our eyes for granted. We no longer take good care of them the way we take care of our teeth and skin. Our eyes should be well taken care of as it is one of the most important senses a person can have. We are able to read, work and watch TV because of them. It’s a fact that we put too much strain on them that we should be taking care of them as much as we can. Taking care of them is just all about getting your habits straight. Visit your eye doctor as needed. Below are some of the tips that you can follow to keep your eye healthy.
The best way to keep our bodies, including our eyes healthy is eating the proper nutritious food. Fruits and vegetables that are rich in vitamins and nutrients should help you slow down the process of eye deterioration. This is true especially for the adults. Vitamins A,C and E are the vitamins that are good for the eyes. They do not only help decrease muscular degeneration, but they also help you decrease the likelihood of cataracts. Vegetables and fruits rich in beta carotene are very helpful in maintaining good eyesight. This comes from the foods such as squash, carrots, red and yellow peppers and more.
Pamper Your Eyes
Nothing beats a good pampering sessions. Further discussions can be found at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/news/ophthalmology/. Cold cucumber slices can relieve tired eyes. Gently place cold slices of cucumber on your eyes and leave it there for 10 minutes. A cool towel will serve the same purpose too. Close your eyes and put it above them for 10 minutes as well. This will also help you rid with the puffiness of your eye bags.
Use Eye Drops
There are some eye drops that contain strong ingredients. Avoid such things. Opt for eye drops that mimic the composition of tears. You should use this frequently. Avoid the eye drops that tell you that do away with redness of the eyes. Using them regularly is recommended but with every formula of eye drop varies. Always read the instructions first before testing anything. If you use them too much, it can cause you bigger problems and irritation. There are drops that are not suitable for contacts. You ought to be careful of that if you have lenses on.
Wear Sunglasses The best protection we have against the UV rays from the sun is wearing the proper kind of sunglasses. Exposure to too much sunlight can damage out eyes. It even accelerates the deterioration of it. Get the glasses that have polarized lenses and UV protection. Getting ordinary lenses will only dilate your eyes. It wouldn’t protect your eyes from the sun.
There are many other precautions that you can also do. The things mentioned above are only some of them. One way of keeping your eye healthy is seeing your eye doctor too. Don’t forget to set an appointment with them if you’re suspecting something with the health of your eyes.
Caring for our eyes has been a long trend. Many individuals who have problems in sight seek the help of the doctor. The only thing is, most people have no idea what are the different alleys of practice in the field of optometry. There are different practitioners and different processes. This means that there isn’t on practitioner who us able to diagnose, treat and care for all issues that concern the eyes.
Optometrist is the most common eye care specialist. They are the practitioners who handle the common conditions and disorders. This means that they only handle routine checkup. They can also prescribe contact lenses and glasses. An optometrist is also allowed and licensed to perform a refractive vision correction on his or her patient.
An ophthalmologist on the other hand is the person who has a medical degree. This means, the ophthalmologist gained his or her profession by taking a premedical undergraduate course, 4 year graduate course for medicine, 1-2 years of internship, 4 to 6 years of residency and surgical training. This means that more or less, an ophthalmologist had his or her training for over a decade. See this post from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye_care_professional for example. They handle cases like trauma and surgery. If a patient has a serious condition like an eye infection or a surgery related care, it is the ophthalmologist who is licensed to perform the surgery. This practitioner will perform an overall eye exam, and will suggest a course of treatment or surgery depending on the patient’s condition.
In some parts of the world, there are also practitioners called ophthalmic medical practitioners. These people are able to examine a patient’s eyes. This is a job intended for qualified doctors who carry out examinations in the eyes and those who prescribe glasses and lenses too.
Orthoptists is a different field. This job includes the medical practitioner to form a course of treatment for a particular vision disorder, eye movement problems, and alignment of the eyes for children and adults. These people are the link between the ophthalmologists and the patients. The standard education for them is the 4 year college curriculum. In some other parts of the world, this takes 3 years of college and 2 years of post graduate studies.
An Optician on the other hand is someone who is specializing on the creation or fabrication of spectacles, contact lenses, ophthalmic lenses, low vision and ocular prosthetics. In short, they are the people who produce your eye wear for you to see well. Ophthalmic medical personnel is what we call here as the assistants. They are trained for a couple of years as well, 2 to be exact. They work in hospitals and clinics.
You see, there are many alleys when it comes to eye care. Sometimes, people who have problems with their vision would go straight directly to an optometrist. They are the ones who are handing prescription for your eyesight. You can get your glasses or contacts done too. For a deeper case such as loss of eyesight or probably eye infection, an ophthalmologist is the answer to that dilemma.
There are so many people who are blessed with the perfect 20/20 vision. There are also thos who are very unlucky. The moment their eyes spot on something, their vision will start to ripple away and waver. For the adults, it is normal for them to experience eye problems. At some point, as a person ages, his or her eyes will let go of its vitality. Some of it is due to conditions, diseases or disorders.
Thanks to the modern technology that we have today in the society, many of these diseases and disorders are eradicated with the help of the doctors. Laser surgeries and other treatments are being performed by licensed ophthalmologists. They are the ones who can help you if you need any surgical treatments.
Here are some of the most common eye problems an adult can face that you should know of.
Dry eyes – this is one of the problems that many adults face that many tend to overlook. People have glands called the lacrimal glands. They are in charge of producing tears to your eyes. As you recall in your basic biology, tears is actually very helpful in cleaning out your eyes. When the glands stop producing them, it can cause irritation called dry eyes. If taken lightly, this can cause an even greater issue. It can lead to numerous kinds of infection. You need to visit your eye doctor for this right away.
Cataracts – this is the most common problem that many older people share. When the protein molecules clump in your eyes, it cause a cloudy deposit or cloudy spot. The cloudy spot is the cataract itself. This disease will slowly form in the eyes. An ophthalmologist is going to monitor the growth of the protein. Once it obstructs the vision, surgery may take place.
Diabetic retinopathy – this is the condition wherein the blood vessels in the eye are starting lose its function therefore limiting the oxygen supply to the retina of your eyes. This occurs to older patients who are suffering from diabetes. This will result to a bigger problem too. Adults who have this kind of eye disease should have a regular check up with their ophthalmologists. Patients who have this will more likely be having surgeries.
Tearing – tearing can be caused by numerous factors. Some of these factors are light, wind, changes in the temperature and many more. When this happens very frequently, it is an indicator that a bigger and a more serious eye problem is in the picture. This adult can experience dry eyes, eye infections, eyesight issues and many more. You can read some good details from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ophthalmology. A visit to the eye doctor is a must.
There are so many issues that older adults have to handle in terms of their eyesight. Some of them even go blind as early as 80 years old. For you to avoid such a disaster, always visit your eye doctor if you suspect any condition happening. The moment that you start losing control of your eyes would be the determinant to pick up the phone and make an appointment.
Smoking tobacco products can cause serious health conditions like heart disease, cancer, stroke, eye conditions, and oral conditions – that’s well known already. Today we are going to look at the effect of smoking on two organs which play a major role in your well being: dental and optical.
Smoking and your eyes
Some eye conditions that can be caused by smoking are early age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. The most common cause of blindness in the Western world is age-related macular degeneration. Smoking can cause several oral health conditions like bad breath, yellow teeth, gum disease, increased plaque and tartar, delayed healing of oral conditions, inflammation, leukopakia, oral cancer and more.
Some studies have found a connection between eye conditions and heart disease. People that have suffered from age-related macular degeneration had double the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Smoking tobacco products increases the development of cholesterol and fat in the arteries and blocks the arteries blood flow which causes heart attack and stroke. The nicotine and carbon monoxide in tobacco smoke can cause arteries to lose their elasticity and they will not respond to differences in pressure and could burst more easily.
The eye can be affected because difficulty and failure of the blood supply to the macula can happen before any other body functions become affected. The macular area of the retina has the finest blood supply in the entire body and they help us see clearly but when damaged is caused vision gradually fails. If there is newer vessel growth and leakage then the retina can be scared and cause very severe vision loss.
People usually begin to have symptoms of age-related macular degeneration in their first eye at about age 65 and then their second eye usually becomes impaired and they become legally blind in both eyes around their 70th birthday. There isn’t a cure for age-related macular degeneration and there are no effective medical or surgical treatments.
People that suffer from age-related macular degeneration:
Cannot read small print or details on television
Have trouble recognising faces
Cannot drive (have trouble reading road signs)
Have trouble reading medication labels
Fall easily and can have more serious complications
Lose all independence and might need to be moved to a nursing home.
Smoking and your teeth
Smoking tobacco products can also cause gum disease because it can create issues with the attachment of bone and soft tissue to your teeth. It can hinder normal functions of gum tissue cells and that interference can cause smokers to be more vulnerable to infections. Wound healing may also be affected because of impaired blood flow to the gums.
Cigar, cigarette and pipe smokers can have tooth loss and bone loss within the jaw. The salivary glands begin to get inflamed and this can cause deterioration of the bones structure. Most smokers have a difficult time recovering from dental procedures and have a risk of developing dry socket which can be extremely painful because the nerve endings and bones are exposed.
All of these types of tobacco smoke can cause pharyngeal cancers (throat cancer), as well as an increase in gum disease, bad breath and yellow discoloured teeth – which can all lead to serious health complications.